The local weather of Ohio is continental, with chilly winters and heat, humid summers. It’s affected by maritime tropical air plenty that deliver summer time warmth and humidity however may also produce gentle winter days. Sizzling and dry air plenty may also have an effect on the state, creating Ohio’s file excessive temperature of 113 levels F on July 21, 1934.
Ohio can be affected by bitterly chilly Arctic air plenty, which might deliver very chilly winter days to the state, with Ohio’s lowest minimal temperature recorded at -39 levels F. Moreover, Ohio is affected by wave cyclones, or mid-latitude storms, which might originate in Alberta, Canada, Colorado, or the western Gulf of Mexico.
The common temperature in Ohio varies relying on location, with the southernmost areas being the warmest and the northeastern hills being the best. This variation is seen in all seasons however is most pronounced in winter. In January, the typical temperature in southern Ohio is round 30°F, whereas within the north, it’s nearer to 25 levels F. Daytime highs in January are above freezing all through a lot of the state, besides within the northwest. In summer time, the temperatures are extra constant, with highs averaging between 84-86 levels F statewide and lows starting from 62-66 levels F. The one exception is in northeastern Ohio, the place temperatures are barely cooler as a result of affect of Lake Erie.
Coldest January on Document in Ohio
The arctic storm made the Ohio winter of 1994 a really unforgettable one. Not solely did Cincinnati and Columbus sink to -24 levels F and -22 levels F on January 16, however then on January 19, Columbus hit an all-time low-temperature file of -22 levels F whereas Akron skilled its coldest day ever at -25 levels F.
With temperatures so dangerously low, folks have been left with no alternative however to courageous the chilly and check out their finest to remain protected from frostbite and slippery roads alike. The Cuyahoga River was utterly frozen over throughout this time as effectively. It’s protected to say that Ohioans will always remember the winter of 1994. With tears truly freezing stable on their faces, it actually was a winter like no different!
If we have in mind the wind chill issue, January 25, 1985, produced a windchill between -70 and -80 beneath zero in Akron, Ohio, with an precise temperature of -24 levels F!
Coldest Day Ever Recorded in Ohio
The frigid temperatures reported in Milligan, Ohio, on February 10, 1899, have been a part of a week-long chilly spell that stretched throughout your complete state. Many different areas additionally skilled file low temperatures throughout this time interval, however none might match the 39 levels beneath zero recorded at the USA Climate Bureau Station operated by Steve Eyeland in Milligan.
The small hamlet’s location close to Moxahala Creek and its flat terrain made it notably weak to extraordinarily chilly air plenty that descended from surrounding areas. Regardless of being lengthy gone from trendy maps, tales of Milligan as Ohio’s chilliest spot have been handed down for generations in order that its legacy as certainly one of America’s coldest cities won’t ever be forgotten.
How Animals Preserve Heat in Ohio Winters
Animals have developed varied coping methods for the chilly winter months. Hibernation is one such adaptation, the place animals enter right into a state of dormancy or deep sleep over the coldest a part of the 12 months in an effort to preserve power.
Different species migrate southwards in the direction of hotter climates, whereas some keep put and develop thick coats to maintain them heat. These animals additionally eat greater quantities of meals in an effort to present further insulation in opposition to chilly temperatures.
To make sure they get sufficient nourishment throughout these lengthy winter months, non-migratory birds akin to cardinals and robins change their diets from bugs, worms, and different invertebrates which can be out there throughout hotter seasons, to seeds and fruit, which stay on many Ohio native vegetation over winter. It’s wonderful how creatures have advanced so successfully to outlive even our most excessive climate circumstances!
Hibernation is a exceptional survival technique utilized by animals to outlive chilly climate. This course of includes slowing down an animal’s coronary heart fee, physique temperature, and different life processes, permitting them to enter right into a deep sleep.
Groundhogs, in any other case referred to as woodchucks, are certainly one of Ohio’s true hibernators. They spend their complete winter in dens and solely come out once more in February when temperatures turn out to be extra bearable. Throughout this hibernation interval, they expertise drastic adjustments, together with reducing their physique temperature by half and lowering their heartbeat from 160 beats per minute to only 4! It’s wonderful how these small creatures can modify so shortly and successfully – actually a feat of nature!
Skunks, Raccoons, Chipmunks, and Opossums
Throughout the coldest January day on file in Ohio, skunks, raccoons, chipmunks, and opossums are recognized to enter a state of torpor or hibernation. This situation is their pure response to frigid temperatures as these small mammals search shelter in bushes, logs, and beneath rocks.
Underground burrows additionally present a perfect refuge throughout excessive climate circumstances, the place they’ll snuggle up and sleep for a couple of days till temperatures rise once more.
Though these animals should take measures to guard themselves from the chilly winter months forward, it’s equally important that people act responsibly by not disturbing wildlife habitats. If left undisturbed of their pure setting with meals sources out there all through the wintertime, wild animals akin to skunks, raccoons, chipmunks, and opossums will survive even the harshest winters.
Birds and Bats
Indiana and little brown bats are prime examples of migratory and hibernating creatures that make Ohio their dwelling. Not like some migrating birds, these bats typically roost in caves through the winter season to trip out the coldest days of the 12 months. The caves present a darkish and cozy setting to sleep in till temperatures rise once more, they usually can transfer on with their migration. These cave habitats are mandatory for a lot of bats to outlive the colder months right here in Ohio or simply south of its border. It’s no shock that when temperatures drop to file lows, these flying mammals hunker down as finest they’ll in opposition to all of it!
Frogs, Snakes, and Turtles
Chilly-blooded animals akin to frogs, snakes, and turtles understand it’s time to hibernate when temperatures plummet to file lows in Ohio. They are going to discover holes or burrows within the floor the place they’ll stay inactive till temperatures heat up.
Some species of snake even collect with their members of the family and weave collectively right into a “ball” for added heat throughout winter. This conduct helps hold them insulated from the acute chilly climate and ensures that these animals survive till springtime, after they can emerge as soon as once more.
How Can You Assist?
It’s the coldest January day on file in Ohio, so how will you assist? A technique is to be aware of what’s planted in your property. Incorporating quite a lot of vegetation, shrubs, and bushes can present an assortment of meals assets for wildlife, together with species that present meals into the winter months. Crabapples, wild berries, and different vegetation that produce seeds late in fall are nice decisions. It’s also necessary to supply wildlife with shelter. Native species of evergreen bushes and shrubs give animals safety from wind and rain, and these plant species can survive in Ohio’s local weather.
For those who personal a big piece of property within the nation, you may assist animals survive the winter by creating brush piles and planting meals patches. Brush piles present shelter for songbirds, cottontail rabbits, and different small animals, whereas meals patches of grains like sorghum and millet give them a supply of power to keep up their physique warmth.
You will need to keep away from immediately feeding wildlife, as this will result in them turning into habituated to people and shedding their pure concern. Conserving a clear, well-maintained hen feeder is an efficient strategy to benefit from the presence of wildlife whereas remaining hands-free.